Investigative reporter beaten up in Somaliland

first_img October 23, 2015 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Investigative reporter beaten up in Somaliland News RSF_en Follow the news on Somalia News March 2, 2021 Find out more Investigative journalist Ahmed Muuse Sakaaro was badly beaten on the morning of Wednesday 21 October in Somalia’s breakaway northwestern territory of Somaliland, by unidentified assailants who objected to his coverage of Somaliland’s government.Sakaaro, who edits the Voice of the People Magazine and is deputy chair of the Somaliland Journalists’ Association, was hospitalized with a broken nose and broken ribs after being attacked outside the magazine’s office. His assailants asked him to explain why he was so critical of Burao city mayor Mohamed Murad.Interviewed in hospital by the Somaliland Informer online newspaper, Sakaaro said he had been getting threatening phone calls for the past six months in which he was told to stop being so critical of Somaliland’s ruling Kulmiye party.Sakaaro referred to last month’s attack on a fellow reporter in Hargeisa by a mob that accused him of asking presidency minister Hersi Ali tough questions. “After the Hargeisa reporter incident, I felt it was not safe to ignore such threats and I reported them to security forces but they did absolutely nothing,” he said.“It is outrageous that the authorities did nothing to protect Sakaaro after he went to see them,” said Cléa Kahn-Sriber, the head of the Reporters Without Borders Africa desk.“Somaliland must accept its responsibilities and ensure that the press freedom guaranteed in its constitution is respected even when journalists dare criticize senior officials. We call on the Somaliland authorities to launch an immediate investigation with the aim of identifying those responsible for the attack on Sakaaro and bringing them to trial.”Sakaaro has pledged to continue his work as an investigative reporter. Nothing would stop him, he said.Somaliland declared its independence of Somalia in 1991. Although not recognized by the international community as an independent state, it has its own government and constitution, article 32 of which recognize media freedom. Conditions for journalists are nonetheless dangerous. They often threatened and are treated arbitrarily by the authorities. Help by sharing this information Organisation Receive email alerts to go furthercenter_img News SomaliaAfrica SomaliaAfrica News Radio reporter gunned on city street in central Somalia RSF and NUSOJ call for release of a journalist held in Somalia’s Puntland region RSF requests urgent adoption of moratorium on arrests of journalists February 24, 2021 Find out more January 8, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more

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A journalist and writer, victim of a violent assault, suspends his writing activities

first_img News Organisation April 27, 2021 Find out more News Reporters Without Borders strongly denounces the violent acts, that can be considered barbaric, endured by Germán Uribe, a Colombian journalist and writer. The incident occurred on February 28, 2013 at his home in Subachoque in the region of Cundinamarca. He has since suspended his writing activity but hopes to work again once he recovers from his injuries. The organization calls on the authorities to shed light on the attack, fight against impunity and guarantee the freedom of information.Germán Uribe was born in 1943 in Colombia. He was influenced by the writer and philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre, and studied philosophy and literature at the Sorbonne in Paris. He wrote a dozen books and has published articles in several newspapers and magazines in Colombia, France, Mexico, and Cuba. He was ambassador (E) (in the absence of the post holder) in Germany, and also British Consul in Berlin from 1974 to 1977. Until this attack, Germán Uribe was working for the magazine Semana and the information website Rebelión.Reporters Without Borders: As a journalist, what topics to you primarily cover?Germán Uribe: In my columns in Semana and Rebelión, I often strongly criticized former President Uribe, his entourage, the dangerous right wing, as well as those who are opposed to peace talks with the guerrilla.What has exactly happened February 28, 2013?While I was alone at my home in Subachoque, I was detained for about a half hour. A man who has his face covered, pointed a gun at me. I suffered a head injury when he hit me with a revolver and I bleed profusely. He locked me up in my bedroom and tied my hands and feet. He blindfolded me and put a scarf in my mouth to gag me. The Subachoque Police discovered afterwards that the scarf had the inscriptions “Columbian Army – Batallon Contreguérilla.” He violently struck me – punched and kicked me – insulted me, and threatened to kill me, but he didn’t ask for anything. To save my life, I told him that he could take all the money I had in my safe. He went to look for the money. Luckily, I heard through an internal speaker that the property manager was coming to my house which scared my attacked. He placed the gun against my head and said he was going to kill me before leaving. While I was lying on my bed in a pool of blood with my hands and feet tied, I decided to scream as loud as possible to call for my employee which made my aggressor flee. At that moment, I think I heard a vehicle leave quickly. Even though I have not seen anyone else, I heard the man speak in a confused manner to someone else, probably an accomplice who was guarding the door. So I assume there were several people involved in the attack, and they had a car ready to go. Afterwards, managers of neighboring buildings who became aware of what had happened to me, called the police who arrived quickly on the scene.Do you know who is behind the attack?I have no idea and I do not know the reason of the attack. My aggressor didn’t come to steal. He did take money but only after I told him so that he would let me live. It is surprising that they left behind the military scarf they used to gag me. I don’t think the army would make such a blunder. The scarf could be a message from a fanatical and uncontrollable army faction to stop my critical writings in Semana and Rebelión. Or the scarf could also be a strategy of distraction from a paramilitary group or some organized criminal gang with a completely different goal.Is there a link between the investigations you have worked on and your aggression?I can neither confirm nor rule out this possibility. I guess it will never be elucidated. This is also because of this impunity that all sort of crimes are being committed every day in Colombia. It is certain that this man came to teach me a lesson and send a clear warning.Have you complained to an investigation launched by the authorities?As I do not know who is behind the attack, I cannot report anyone. I did file a complaint with the Police Commander of Subachoque – who came to rescue me after the attack and is now leading the investigation at the local level. Aside from this complaint, as my wife is the Secretary General of Ecopetrol, the security department of her company has conducted its own investigation and collected evidence with the police, SIJIN (Criminal Investigation section) and other regional authorities. I didn’t think I’d file a complaint with other authorities because of the slow speed of the justice system in Colombia and its Kafkaesque tendency. But in the end, I did file a complaint with the General Prosecutor of the Nation.Did you ask for protection from the authorities?There are so many people in my country, including presidential candidates, who have been murdered with the collusion of their “escort” while under the protection of the State. I choose to stay alive and that is why I don’t want shelter or protection from the National Protection Unit or any authority whatsoever.Did you stay in Subachoque after the attack?No. My main concern is to protect my life so I had to leave my house and I can’t imagine ever going back there. Today, I try to be invisible, just like millions of other displaced Colombians. 2011-2020: A study of journalist murders in Latin America confirms the importance of strengthening protection policies ColombiaAmericas RSF begins research into mechanisms for protecting journalists in Latin America Reports Receive email alerts Newscenter_img May 13, 2021 Find out more Follow the news on Colombia to go further Help by sharing this information March 18, 2013 – Updated on January 20, 2016 A journalist and writer, victim of a violent assault, suspends his writing activities RSF, IFEX-ALC and Media Defence, support FLIP and journalist Diana Díaz against state harassment in Colombia ColombiaAmericas RSF_en October 21, 2020 Find out morelast_img read more

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Clive Emson’s odd lots

first_imgHome » News » Auctions news » Clive Emson’s odd lots previous nextAuctions newsClive Emson’s odd lotsThe Negotiator11th December 20200112 Views Clive Emson’s pre-Christmas auction has some notable properties listed.1 Tregarne Chapel (above) and its Sunday school in St Austell, Cornwall, is guided freehold at £135-175,000; it has planning permission for 10 residential units.2 A five-storey former flour mill Kimmins Mill (below), in Stroud is guided freehold at £100-125,000.They are among 131 lots for the 16th December sale, covering southern England from Essex to Cornwall. James Emson, MD said, “Our latest catalogue has a diverse range of lots to suit budgets large and small. The stamp duty holiday has also whetted appetites.”cliveemson James Emson auction lots auction sales Clive Emson Clive Emson Auctioneers December 11, 2020Jenny van BredaWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles Letting agent fined £11,500 over unlicenced rent-to-rent HMO3rd May 2021 BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021last_img read more

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The July Issue of Blue Ridge Outdoors is On Stands Now: Road Trip!

first_imgRoll down the windows and kick some tunes: our July issue features six favorite road trips packed with island-hopping, crag-crushing, whitewater shredding, two-wheeled touring adventures for everyone. We also investigate the coal ash ponds threatening most of our readers’ drinking water and offer ten concrete actions that really can make a difference. Also in this month’s issue are stories about street fishing, authentic moonshine, car camping gear, and skirt-wearing outdoorsmen.FEATURESTHE OPEN ROADRoll down the windows and kick some tunes: our six favorite road trips are packed with island-hopping, crag-crushing, whitewater shredding, two-wheeled touring adventures for everyone.10 WAYS THAT WORKTen concrete steps everyone can take to improve the health of our delicate blue-green orb.SMOKE IN THE WATERWhat’s in your drinking water? Toxic coal ash threatens your tap.LAST OF THE WILDA wilderness seeker wanders into one of the few remaining dark spots on the map.HOMELANDA mountain man fights to save his creek—and his life—with a new vision for rural Appalachia.DEPARTMENTSEDITOR’S NOTEThe best way to save the planet: save your health.FLASHPOINTMore wilderness in the South?THE DIRTAuthentic mountain moonshine , Street fishing and more!THE GOODSCar camping essentialsTRAIL MIXReed Turchi’s gritty Appalachian blueslast_img read more

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Covid-19: 2020 Okpekpe 10km Road Race Cancelled

first_imgDue to the escalating covid-19 crisis and the travel restrictions across the globe,organisers of the Okpekpe international 10km road race, the first label road running event in West Africa have cancelled the eighth edition of the competition. This is the first cancellation in the history of the event, coming a year after it became the first silver label road race in West Africa and second in Africa. “We sincerely hope that our runners will want to support us once this is all over and return to run in Okpekpe next year.We also hope our sponsors and partners will understand we are left with no choice but to cancel the race this year. We believe the well being of athletes,officials and spectators,especially the good people of Okpekpe community is more important than the race itself,’ Itemuagbor added and revealed organisers of the race are working with relevant authorities in Nigeria,especially the government of Edo state to ensure a safe environment for all Nigerians and visitors who come into Okpekpe and Edo state for various reasons including sports. read also:Okpekpe Race title: Gyang, Pam celebrate perfect wedding gift He specially thanked Edo state government for providing the enabling environment for the race to thrive and put Nigeria on top of the map as an international destination for sports. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Loading… The cancellation comes six weeks before the event scheduled for Saturday May 23,2020 in Okpekpe,a hilly town near Auchi,Etsako East local government area of Edo state.Mike Itemuagbor, promoter of the race says the decision to cancel the first road race in Nigeria and West Africa to be granted a World Athletics label was a difficult one. “We know this will disappoint many runners who have trained towards the event and tourists who have always chosen the time of the race to escape the hustle and bustle of many Nigerian cities to unwind in a serene, hilly countryside that the Okpekpe community and adjoining towns represent. Regrettably, with ongoing developments in Nigeria and around the world where covid-19 has ravaged so many countries, we no longer consider it safe nor responsible to go ahead with the historic event,” says Itemuagbor.Advertisement Promoted Content8 Ways Drones Will Automate Our FutureBest Car Manufacturers In The WorldThe Very Last Bitcoin Will Be Mined Around 2140. Read MoreWhich Country Is The Most Romantic In The World?6 Ridiculous Health Myths That Are Actually True13 kids at weddings who just don’t give a hoot10 Phones That Can Easily Fit In The Smallest PocketThe Best Cars Of All TimeWorld’s Most Beautiful Ceilings That Will Take Your Breath AwayBirds Enjoy Living In A Gallery Space Created For Them11 Strange Facts About Your Favorite TV Shows7 Universities In The World Where Education Costs Too Muchlast_img read more

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Whitewater Canal Trail Inc receives grant from Whitewater Valley REMC

first_imgLiberty, IN—Whitewater Canal Trail Inc recently received $750 from the Whitewater Valley REMC Community Trust. The grant will be used to build a two-mile extension to Feeder Dam Trail.Whitewater Valley REMC Community Trust Board Members Carol McQueen and Craig Hale presented the check to Shirley Lamb, Board Member, and Don VonderMeulen, Board Member/Construction Manager, on Monday, February 10, 2020.last_img

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Porto thrash Basel to reach quarters

first_imgPorto reached the Champions League last eight for the first time since 2009 with a comprehensive win over Basel.The Portuguese side were without top scorer Jackson Martinez, but they struck four fine goals as Yacine Brahimi curled in a 20-yard free-kick.Hector Herrera doubled the lead before Casemiro thundered in a free-kick.Vincent Aboubakar then added a fourth late on before Walter Samuel saw red as Porto extended their unbeaten run in this competition to 10 games.The 2004 Champions League winners were rarely troubled by the Swiss side, who qualified from their group at Liverpool’s expense.And although many big European teams will see Porto as a good team to draw in the quarter-finals, they have gained a great deal of momentum under Spanish coach Julen Lopetegui. Basel, who were hoping to reach the last eight for the first time since 1974, never looked like doing so on a miserable night for their Portuguese coach Paulo Sousa.Paulo Sousa’s side were attempting to reach the last eight for the first time since 1974Porto established control early on through Brahimi’s finish, after veteran Argentine defender Samuel brought down Cristian Tello.And their biggest concern in the first half was when goalkeeper Fabiano sprinted from his line to intercept a through ball and accidently smashed his shoulder into the face of his own stand-in captain Danilo. At one point it looked very serious for the Brazilian defender, who was quickly surrounded by medics, but he appeared to be conscious as he was carried off the field on a stretcher and the club later tweeted to say there was no serious injury.Porto did not appear to be missing their regular skipper Martinez, who was out with a groin injury. His replacement, Cameroonian Aboubakar, deputised ably and almost made it 2-0 with a swerving shot from 25 yards.Basel seldom threatened the Porto goal, with Marco Streller curling over the top when well-placed and Shkelzen Gashi hitting a shot wide of the post despite having more time to compose himself.Porto tweeted after the game to say stand-in captain Danilo was recovering well in hospital Former QPR, Swansea and Leicester manager Sousa then watched his side go further behind when the Basel defence backed off, allowing Herrera to beat Tomas Vaclik.By that stage, the game seemed over, and yet there was still time for Brazilian midfielder Casemiro, on loan from Real Madrid, to crash in his free-kick from 30 yards.Aboubakar, 23, wrapped up an almost-perfect Porto display with another superb strike and Basel suffered a final embarrassment when Samuel received a second yellow card for a foul on the striker.Porto boss Julen Lopetegui: “Danilo’s situation was dramatic but he recovered consciousness on his way to hospital and appears to be OK. This victory is also for him.”You have to applaud the entire team for this fantastic performance against a very difficult opponent who came here determined to qualify. We deserve to be in the Champions League quarter-finals even if we came through qualifying. I am very happy and very proud of my players who showed a lot of character.” Basel head coach Paulo Sousa: “I am disappointed with the result but proud of our campaign in the Champions League. We were not at our best, they were better at both ends.”Porto have a lot of quality. We couldn’t be at our best in either match, we were not the same as in October, November and December – if we had been, this result would not have happened.”last_img read more

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European Judo Cup-Top Ranking „SARAJEVO OPEN 2014“ for Seniors

first_imgAs part of the program of celebrating the Day of the City of Sarajevo this weekend, the European Judo Cup-Top ranking „Sarajevo open 2014 “ will be held in KSC Ilidža. Around 300 senior women and men judoists from 23 countries are expected.The ninth in a row European Judo Cup for women and men seniors is the official cup of the European Judo Union, which counts for the European ranking list.The official opening will start today at 16:00, and the finals at 16:30. On Sunday, the second day of the competition starts at 16:00.The hosts of the cup are the Judo Association of B&H and FB&H, and the technical organizers are the Judo Club „Nippon“.(Source : Fena)last_img

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Residents, Co-op workers clash over demolition of homes

first_imgEnmore Co-op feudAs the spat continues with residents of Enmore, East Coast Demerara (ECD) and the Co-Op Society, at least one house was demolished on Thursday and the occupants’ belongings tossed onto the streets after demolition workers were ordered to do so.Member of Parliament Anil Nandlall addressing the residentsBased on reports received, the instruction was given by leader of the Co-op Society. When Guyana Times visited the area, residents claimed that they were awakened by persons trying to dismantle several homes which were on transported land.The Society reportedly attempted to dismantle the buildings on several occasions after transports for the land which persons had occupied for the past 30 years were issued to other persons without their knowledge. This state of affairs, however, would have stemmed from the ongoing feud.The residents also claimed that they were threatened that if they should return to their property, the co-op will send its members to burn the buildings.One of the residents, whose home was ransacked, Nadia Rambarran told Guyana Times that this was the third time that her home was invaded. She noted that a meeting was scheduled for Thursday morning by the Co-op Society to discuss the land issues but that turned into a tragedy.Other residents stood in the rain as Opposition MP Anil Nandlall addresses their concerns“Since 1982, the land was there. My uncle was living there and after he die in 2015, we started to live there…now a man just come this morning, he just show them a transport and they start to break the door down,” Rambarran recalled.Rambarran’s husband, Avinash Chatura, said that they were told that if they entered their house, they would be beaten and killed.The situation had gotten to a point where the residents were completely helpless and, as such, sought the guidance and assistance of the former Attorney General and Member of Parliament (MP), Anil Nandlall.During his visit to the area to hear the plight of the people, Nandlall stated that by law, it is wrongful for those actions to be committed.He is holding out that while the Co-Op is in a process of redistributing the land, they cannot merely give it to another member while noting that when a person is deceased, the beneficiary is supposed to be given the land. However, it is not a case whereby the residents were squatting on the land.“That is not what the law says. The law of cooperative society recognises transmission of interest upon death. If a deceased was a member of a co-op, and would’ve been entitled to a plot of land, when that person dies, that interest passes on to the beneficiary of that deceased person,” the former Attorney General stated.“Those who are administering the Co-Op ought to recognise that and rather than assign the property to another member of the Co-Op, they’re supposed to assign it to the beneficiary,” he added.Furthermore, if the matter is not resolved, Nandlall related that he would represent the residents in the High Court for their lands to be retrieved.“This matter will have to be resolved either amicably at the level of the Co-Op Society or the Chief Co-op Officer. If not, we’d have to engage in a head-on battle in the High Court and I’ll be representing all these people who are affected by this problem,” he said.As residents of the community were fearful for their lives, Nandlall visited the Cove and John Police Station, where the situation was discussed and it was promised that senior officers would be dispatched to the community to provide protection.“I just had a brief meeting with the commander of this division and due to his attention and the seriousness of the situation, which now exists at Enmore North, I explained to him that unless the Police intervene in a firm way, the situation can descend into violence,” said Nandlall.“He has assured me that he will assign two senior Police ranks immediately and deploy them to go to the scene and to have a continuous Police presence,” he added.last_img read more

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Afrique du Sud : aperçu economique

first_imgL’Afrique du Sud est la mine des nouvelles idees economiques de l’Afrique, a la tete du continent africain en termes de production et d’extraction miniere et produisant une grande partie de l’electricite de l’Afrique.Le pays est tres riche en ressources naturelles, possede des secteurs financier, juridique, de communications, energetique et de transport bien developpes, une bourse classee parmi les 20 premieres du monde et des infrastructures modernes assurant une distribution efficace des marchandises dans toute la region du Sud de l’Afrique.L’Afrique du Sud possede un cadre juridique progressiste et de rang mondial. La legislation regissant le commerce, la main d’œuvre et les questions maritimes est particulierement bien developpee et les lois sur la politique de concurrence, les droits d’auteur, les brevets, les marques et les conflits respectent les normes et conventions internationales.Le systeme financier du pays est elabore et solide. Les reglementations bancaires se classent parmi les meilleures du monde et le secteur est classe depuis longtemps parmi les 10 meilleurs du monde.Non seulement l’Afrique du Sud est une economie emergente mais elle est aussi la porte d’entree vers d’autres marches africains. Le pays joue un role important dans l’approvisionnement en energie, en aide humanitaire, transport, communications et investissement sur le continent. Ses liaisons routieres et ferroviaires bien developpees fournissent une plateforme et les infrastructures pour un transport terrestre au cœur de l’Afrique.La croissance economiqueL’economie de l’Afrique du Sud s’est trouvee dans une phase ascendante du cycle commerciale depuis septembre 1999, la plus longue periode d’expansion economique jamais enregistree dans le pays.Pendant cette reprise (selon des donnees jusqu’au quatrieme trimestre de 2007), le taux de croissance annuel moyen du pays etait de plus de 4 %. Dans la decennie precedant l’annee 1994, la croissance economique etait en moyenne de moins de 1 % par an.Le produit interieur brut (PIB) reel de l’Afrique du Sud a progresse de 3,7 % en 2002, de 3,1 % en 2003, de 4,9 % en 2004, de 5 % en 2005, de 5,4 % en 2006, pourcentage le plus eleve depuis 1981, et de 5,1 % en 2007. Au quatrieme trimestre 2007, l’Afrique du Sud a enregistre son 33eme trimestre d’expansion continue de son PIB reel depuis septembre 1999.L’economie d’Afrique du Sud a ete completement restructuree depuis l’instauration de la democratie dans le pays en 1994. Des reformes macroeconomiques audacieuses ont encourage la competitivite, ont fait progresse l’economie, en creant des emplois et en ouvrant l’Afrique du Sud aux marches internationaux.Au cours des annees, ces politiques ont cree une structure macroeconomique solide comme le roc. Les impots ont ete reduits, les prix ont chute, le deficit fiscal a recule, l’inflation a baisse et les controles sur le change se sont assouplis.La croissance economique et une gestion fiscale prudente ont vu le deficit budgetaire de l’Afrique du Sud reculer (la difference entre le total des depenses et des revenus du gouvernement, hors emprunts) a chute de façon importante, de 5,1 % du PIB en 1993/1994 a 0,5 % en 2005/2006, le deuxieme deficit fiscal le plus bas de l’histoire du pays apres celui de 0,1 % atteint durant le boom de l’or en 1980.En 2006/2007, le pays a enregistre son premier excedent budgetaire de 0,3 %.L’inflation a la consommation a suivi une tendance a la baisse depuis 2002 lorsque les prix a la consommation ont augmente en moyenne de 9,3 % suite a la tragedie du 11 septembre a New York. L’inflation a la consommation a atteint une moyenne de 4,3 % en 2004, 3,9 % en 2005, 4,6 % en 2006 et 6,5 % en 2007.Malgre une baisse des impots generale, l’economie optimiste, un plus grand respect fiscal et une administration fiscale et douaniere en amelioration ont vu les revenus du gouvernement augmenter en fleche et atteindre 475,8 milliards de rands en 2006/2007, plus de trois fois les chiffres de 1996/1997.La notation des investissementsPlus d’une decennie de reformes institutionnelles coherentes et d’une gestion economique saine a egalement ete recompensee par une solide notation des credits, impliquant moins de risques pour les investisseurs et reduisant le cout du capital pour les emprunteurs des secteurs public et prive du pays.Les notations de credit de l’Afrique du Sud n’ont cesse de s’ameliorer depuis 1994, avec une augmentation de Standard & Poor’s, Moddy’s et Fitch en 2005. Toutes les agences ont cite l’amelioration de la stabilite economique du pays, la reduction de la vulnerabilite aux chocs exterieurs, une dette moderee et des institutions politiques fortes et stables.En 2006, Moody’s et Fitch ont indique que la tendance a la hausse allait probablement se poursuivre, revisant leur prevision au sujet de la notation de l’Afrique du Sud de stable a positive. Fitch a explique que le changement de prevision traduisait l’amelioration de la performance et des previsions en matiere de croissance suite a une augmentation rapide des investissements publics et prives et des micro-reformes permanentes de l’economie.De plus, le pays a considerablement ameliore ses finances publiques deja solides et son bilan exterieur.Les defis: l’approvisionnement energetiqueLa plus grande menace immediate de la croissance economique permanente de l’Afrique du Sud est une contrainte de capacite qui s’est developpee precisement a cause de la bonne performance economique du pays au cours de ces dernieres annees.Cette croissance, associee a l’industrialisation rapide et au programme d’electrification de masse de ces dix dernieres annees, a finalement conduit, en janvier 2008, a une demande d’electricite depassant l’offre.Les coupures de courant qui en resulterent inciterent le gouvernement a agir rapidement pour regler la crise. Le plan de reaction comporte un investissement de 343 milliards de rands sur cinq ans pour financer une nouvelle generation de centrales electriques et un ensemble de mesures de reduction de la demande civile et industrielle.Les agences de notation Standard & Poor’s et Fitch ont declare en janvier 2008 que le manque d’electricite n’etait pas considere comme une menace immediate de la notation de credit du niveau d’investissement de l’Afrique du Sud mais pouvait devenir un probleme si cela limitait la croissance economique.Les defis: le chomageLe Fonds Monetaire International (FMI), dans son evaluation de pays annuelle de 2007, a indique que l’economie de l’Afrique du Sud traversait sa plus longue periode d’expansion jamais enregistree et que ces dernieres annees ont vu une croissance elevee dans un environnement d’expansion de credit rapide, de prix des actifs en hausse, de renforcement des finances publiques et de developpement des reserves internationales financees par des entrees massives de capitaux.Au meme moment, le FMI a exprime ses inquietudes sur le deficit actuel du pays et le taux d’inflation.Le rapport du FMI a aussi identifie le probleme de longue date du chomage comme etant l’un des principaux defis de la croissance economique dans le pays avec la pauvrete, les grands ecarts de richesse et l’incidence elevee de VIH/Sida.Mais le rapport a aussi approuve l’approche de ces problemes par les autorites sud-africaines avec des politiques visant a augmenter la croissance economique dans un environnement stable et des initiatives afin de reduire le chomage et ameliorer les conditions sociale.Le FMI a declare que cette strategie pourrait etre soutenue par des reformes du marche du travail et une plus grande liberalisation du commerce.La cle identifiee par le FMI pour repondre a ces defis sera l’integration economique de la majorite auparavant defavorisee de l’Afrique du Sud. L’economie de l’Afrique du Sud presente une dualite marquee avec une economie financiere et industrielle elaboree ainsi qu’une economie informelle sous developpee.Alors que le secteur economique financier et industriel de premier rang a cree des infrastructures et une base economique avec un grand potentiel de croissance et de developpement futurs, son secteur economique de deuxieme rang represente a la fois un potentiel inexploite et un defi pour le developpement du pays.Derniere mise a jour de l’article : Aout 2008SAinfo reporter. Sources (sites en langue anglaise) :South Africa YearbookSouth African Reserve BankSouth African TreasuryDepartment of Trade and IndustryStatistics South Africalast_img read more

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