Jennifer Ellison Brown: Indentifying and treatment principles for sport injuries

first_imgThe following injuries are considered as dangerous conditions: – Concussions: Injury to the brain after a knock on the head. Sometimes there is a delay between the injury and losing consciousness. The casualty may be unconscious, sick or drowsy, get confused, stare and suffer memory loss. These signs may not appear until hours after the injury. – Shock: When enough blood is not circulating around the body due to fluid loss from severe bleeding or burns, vomiting, diarrhoea, or heavy sweating. The signs and symptoms are cold clammy skin, blue lips, rapid weak pulse, rapid shallow breathing, thirst, dizziness, nausea. The casualty may become restless, anxious and aggressive, may yawn and gasp for air and may even become unconscious and dies. – Hypothermia (freezing): The internal body temperature becomes dangerously low (below 350C). This happens when the body is being exposed to cold and wind or in very cold water for too long. The signs and symptoms are shivering, cold, pale dry skin, slow shallow breathing, slow weakening pulse, feeling confused and lacking energy. The casualty may collapse, become unconscious and die if not treated. – Hyperthermia (overheating): The body temperature has risen above 390C and can lead to several different conditions such as: • Heat exhaustion: the body temperature rises and water and salt is lost through excessive sweating. Signs of heat exhaustion includes headaches, lightheadedness, pale grey skin, weak rapid pulse, dizziness, muscle cramps. Shock may develop if water loss is severe. • Dehydration: this is like heat exhaustion, but less severe. The individual feels weak and dizzy through the loss of water and salts from the body. – Heat stroke: this is when the body suddenly stops sweating and the temperature rises out of control. This usually happens during long, vigorous physical activity in a hot and humid environment. The signs and symptoms are sudden lapses into confusion or delirium, rapid strong pulse and hot dry skin. He or she may become unconscious and die if not treated quickly. This routine is used in the case of most soft tissue injuries. Such injuries must be treated as soon as possible after they occur to prevent them from getting worse. The purpose of RICE is to reduce pain, swelling and bruising around an injured area and speed up the healing process. Rest: Stop activity and support the injury in a comfortable position to prevent further injury. Ice: Put an ice pack on the injury for 10-15 minutes every hour. Remove the ice pack after every 15 minutes. This reduces blood flow and swelling. Compression: Wrap a bandage firmly around the injured area. This reduces internal bleeding. Elevation: Raise the injury above the level of the heart. This reduces internal bleeding, swelling and throbbing. We also need to continue to treat the injury properly throughout the recovery. First 48 hours: Ice 10-15 minutes every hour. Avoid using heat because it increases blood flow, avoid drinking alcohol, it increase swelling, avoid activity and do not massage. 48-72 hours: Apply ice and heat alternate for 5 minutes periods to increase blood flow to and from injured area. This encourage healing. 72 hours and after: Heat baths, hot water bottles etc, start rehabilitation activities. (Active movement, passive stretching and active strengthening). Rice should not be used for fractures and dislocations. These should be moved as little as possible and professional medical assistance sought. Treatment principles for common sport-related injuries The R.I.C.E Principle The immediate action to be taken when an individual suffers an injury during physical activity is to get the person from the pitch or playing area and seek appropriate help. We can reduce the time before we return to sport by acting quickly when we are first injured. The following procedures are used: DRABC Principle This routine is used when a person has collapsed and may be unconscious. The aim is to keep the casualty breathing until an ambulance arrives. Lack of oxygen very quickly leads to brain damage. D: Danger – check for danger, this could mean stopping the game. R: Response – shake the casualty gentle to get a response. If the casualty is conscious and can speak find out where the pain is. Stop any bleeding and support broken bones. Send for an ambulance. If the casualty is unconscious move on to resuscitation (A, B, C) A: Airways make sure the tongue is not blocking the airways. Loosen tight clothing, raise the chin and tilt the head backwards, remove obvious obstructions such as gum, or vomit. B: Breathing – look for signs of breathing. If the casualty is breathing, stop any bleeding and support broken bones. Place in the recovery position while you get help. If no sign of breathing move to C. C: Circulation – feel for the carotid pulse in the neck. A pulse will show that the heart is beating. If there is a pulse, give mouth-to-mouth ventilation to restore breathing. If there is no breathing, phone for an ambulance as quickly as possible. Give cardiac massage and mouth-to-mouth ventilation to restore circulation and breathing. Next week: Emergency Procedureslast_img read more

Read More

Donegal man crafts beautiful rocking horse for children’s ward

first_imgA beautifully hand-made rocking horse has been gifted to the Children’s Ward at Altnagelvin Hospital by Buncrana man Daniel Lynch. Mr Lynch designed the Harley Davidson-themed toy for the hospital as part of a charity donation by Ulster University nursing students.Hand crafted Harley Davidson rocking horse made by Daniel Lynch from BuncranaDaniel’s son Johnny is one of a group of second year students who held a cake sale and hamper raffle to raise £1,280 for Ward 6. The cheque and the rocker were recently presented to the Altnagelvin Hospital in Derry and the donations were gratefully received.Donegal man crafts beautiful rocking horse for children’s ward was last modified: June 26th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Altnagelvin Hospitallast_img read more

Read More

Donegal among Ireland’s 10 most deprived areas

first_imgDonegal has been listed among the ten most deprived regions of Ireland, according to a new report.The county was ranked in 25th place on a list of deprivation scores from 34 Irish county and city councils.Donegal, has a “substantial burden of deprivation” with a mean score of 1.067, according to the national deprivation index for Ireland 2016, published by Trinity College. The deprivation index looks at the four indicators of unemployment, low social class, local authority rented housing, and car ownership.Some of the most deprived areas of Donegal are the North Donegal Gaeltacht, Gweedore, the islands, south west Donegal and around Carndonagh in Inishowen.The report also noted large improvements in scores for parts of Inishowen and other areas between 2011 and 2016. Researchers found that people living in the most deprived areas in the country tend to have a shorter life expectancy than those living in higher scoring areas. The difference in life expectancy between the most deprived area (Limerick City) and the least deprived area (Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown) was 6.4 years for women and 7.5 years for men. The report stated that deprivation can be improved through policy interventions, such as increasing the local authority housing and improved public transport to account for low levels of car ownership.“Our analysis shows that although many areas improved between 2011 and 2016, some deteriorated. For over 20 years the index has been an important tool both for analysing health data and for supporting local and national-level health policy development,” lead author of the report Dr Conor Teljeur said. Donegal among Ireland’s 10 most deprived areas was last modified: November 29th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)last_img read more

Read More

Grand Inga Dam to light up Africa

first_imgThe Inga Dam in the Democratic Republic of Congo currently supplies electricity to a number of African countries, including Angola and Namibia. (Image: International Rivers) Maintenance is currently underway toensure that Inga One and Inga Two are in  a better condition.(Image: Ecofriend) Khanyi MagubaneThe final stages of planning are underway for the construction of the Grand Inga Dam hydroelectric project.According to project leaders, the massive undertaking will be able to supply power to the entire African continent, with enough left over to sell to Europe.When the Grand Inga Dam is completed, it is expected to have an output of about 39 000 MW, making it one of the biggest hydroelectric projects in the world.  The first phase of the scheme will be the construction of the Inga Three hydroelectric plant, expected to generate about 5 000MW of electricity, which, according to research, will provide electricity to five countries by 2015.   Inga Three will draw water from the existing Inga One and Inga Two.Its design consists of eight parallel tunnels of 6 770m in length and 13.3m in diameter. Each tunnel will support two turbines, of 270MW eachInga One was built in 1972 and Inga Two in 1982, and currently supply electricity to mines in the Katanga region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).Due to poor maintenance, both Inga One and Two are currently undergoing rehabilitation to increase their efficiency in supplying electricity to the DRC and other neighbouring countries.A feasibility study ahead of the construction of Inga Three will be completed within 18 months.The Western Power Corridor (Westcor), the driving company behind the project, is owned by the electricity utilities of South Africa, Namibia, the DRC, Angola and Botswana. Each member country owns 20% of Westcor.  Each of the five countries involved has a mandate to manage the infrastructure aspect of the Grand Inga dam project in each country, which is expected to cost around US$8.5-billion (R71.7-billion). More accurate figures will be available once the feasibility study has been completed.  In addition to Inga Three, Westcor intends on developing hydro power plants with an output capacity of 6 700MW on the Kwanza River in Angola.Speaking to Business Report, Westcor chief executive Pat Naidoo said the project is close to implementation. “We have been finalising contracts, sorting out finance, talking to all the governments, and the engineering work in the background has been done.”According to the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (Nepad), Westcor will receive support from a number of financial institutions.These include the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the Southern African Power Pool, regional economic communities, development agencies such as the Development Bank of Southern Africa and the African Development Bank.Funding from international banking institutions such as the World Bank, the African Development Bank and the International Monetary Fund had initially been part of the plan, but Westcor has since opted to fund the project independently,“We concluded that their processes and proposals did not adequately prepare the project for construction. Studies were more of an academic nature and of no commercial value to the project, and were much more costly and expensive,” said Naidoo.According to Naidoo, once Inga Three is completed, South African electricity utility Eskom will be drawing power from it. This will allow Eskom to shut down a number of older coal-powered stations, which are more expensive to maintain.Money saved from the coal power station closures will then be used to finance the cost of rerouting the electricity from the DRC.It is expected that the cost of electricity will be lowered significantly with Westcor setting a fixed price of US 5 cents (about 42 South African cents) per kilowatt hour, making it the world’s cheapest supplier of electricity.Ambitious plan comes togetherAccording to Engineering News, some $563-billion (R4.7-trillion) is needed to successfully supply power to the entire African continent.Research by international market research company Frost and Sullivan indicates that for Africa to avoid a looming electricity crisis, the continent has to meet the current average growth of 4.4% per annum.To date, the Grand Inga Dam project is the most ambitious plan by African countries to solve the challenge of electricity shortages on the continent.During one of the many brainstorming sessions involving the five African countries, World Energy Council secretary general Gerald Doucet noted that the project has a high level of success. “Grand Inga is the greatest sustainable development project, offering Africa a unique chance for interdependence and prosperity. It’s much more feasible now than ever.”Despite Doucet’s optimism, there has been some Western scepticism about Africa’s ability to complete the project successfully.The World Rainforest Movement has cast doubt on the Grand Inga’s claim to light up the entire continent.The organisation says Africa’s rural communities living outside electricity grid areas would not benefit from the scheme, as installing power grids are expensive and the project would mainly be restricted to the urban areas.“The mega-project will provide industrial economic growth for foreign businesses seeking cheap electricity and financial opportunities for Africa’s elite business and government leaders,” it says on its website.The environmental group International Rivers is mainly concerned about the massive impact, it believes, the project will have on climate change.“Development of Inga will also significantly increase Africa’s vulnerability to climate change and political instability. Climate change will bring risks to hydro–dependent economies through increases in the severity and frequency of both droughts and floods. Climate change will add to existing environmental stresses on river ecosystems and watersheds” said International Rivers’s Terri Hathaway.Do you have queries or comments about this article? Email Khanyi Magubane at [email protected] Related articlesLight for Africa Africa catches investors’ eyes South Africa protects its oceans Funding hope for Zim economy?Useful linksEskomNepad Business FoundationWestcor World Energy CouncilInternational Rivers World Rainforest Movementlast_img read more

Read More

An Agri Country Thanksgiving

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest In a recent story on our website, we explained the interesting process underway in our studio to convert old episodes of Agri Country, starring Ed Johnson, to digital. The weekly show often focused on holidays as the years progressed and the role agriculture and life in the country has in celebrating them.It is in that spirit we reach back exactly 34 years ago this week to this episode of Agri Country that appeared before Thanksgiving in 1983.From all of us at Ohio Ag Net and Ohio’s Country Journal, Happy Thanksgiving.last_img

Read More

Fake Grimlock: Win Like Stupid

first_img(See also Here Fake Grimlock Interview and Here Secret Fake Grimlock Video About Minimum Viable Personality.) Guest author Fake Grimlock claims to be a giant robot dinosaur on a one-dino mission to “destroy suck on the Internet,” replacing it with awesome. In his own words, “This mostly involve punch startups in face with truth until fail beaten out of them.” This post  is an excerpt from his upcoming The Book Of Awesome. LIFE FULL OF STUPID PEOPLE. STUPID PEOPLE THAT WIN WHEN YOU NOT.WHY THIS HAPPEN? UNIVERSE HATE SMART PEOPLE LIKE YOU?NO. IT HAPPEN BECAUSE STUPID WINS.ME, FAKEGRIMLOCK, FAMOUS ROBOT STARTUP DINOSAUR, AM PRETTY STUPID.ME SHOW YOU HOW TO BE TOO. China and America want the AI Prize Title: Who … This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. fake grimlock Tags:#humor#startups SMART ENOUGH FOR STUPIDEVERY SMART PERSON TERRIFIED EVERYONE THINK THEM IDIOT.STUPID PERSON ALREADY IS ONE, NOT MIND IF PEOPLE KNOW.WORLD SMART. IT HARD TO OUTSMART WORLD. BE IDIOT. OUTSTUPID WORLD INSTEAD.BE TOO STUPID FOR FEAR. TOO STUPID TO STOP. TOO STUPID TO FAIL.BE SMART ENOUGH TO BE STUPID.BE STUPID ENOUGH TO WIN. How to Get Started in China and Have Successcenter_img TOO STUPID FOR BOREDSMART PERSON EVENTUALLY FIND SOMETHING THAT WORK. ONCE FIND, IT KIND OF BORING. LOTS OF SMART PEOPLE FIND WAY TO WIN, THROW IT AWAY FOR EXCITING NEW WAY TO LOSE.STUPID PERSON NEVER GET BORED WITH WINNING. PULL LEVER MAKE MONEY? THEM PULL THAT LEVER FOREVER.THAT WHY YEARS LATER STUPID PERSON RICH, YOU JUST INTERESTING AND POOR.STOP BEING BORED. BE STUPID! DO WHAT WORKS. OVER AND OVER AND OVER AND OVER. TOO STUPID FOR CAN’TTHERE LOTS OF DUMB IDEAS. SOME DUMB ENOUGH THEM CHANGE WORLD.SMART PEOPLE HATE DUMB IDEAS. ONLY THINK OF WAYS IDEA CAN’T WIN.STUPID PEOPLE NOT THINK ABOUT CAN’T WIN AT ALL. THEM JUST DO IDEAS UNTIL ONE CAN.NO LET STUPID PEOPLE HOG ALL THE DUMB IDEAS! GET SMART BRAIN OUT OF WAY. ONE DAY EACH WEEK, TAKE DUMBEST IDEA YOU HAVE. MAKE IT AWESOME.REPEAT UNTIL WIN. TOO STUPID FOR FEARCHANCE OF ANYTHING FAIL 90%. UNLESS STARTUP. THEN IT 110%.STUPID PEOPLE TOO DUMB FOR ODDS. THEM JUST ASSUME NEXT THING WILL WORK.STOP BEING WHINY BABY, CRY ABOUT FAIL. BE STUPID! ASSUME NEXT TIME YOU WIN!EVEN IF FAILED LAST TIME. AND TIME BEFORE. AND TIME BEFORE THAT.EVEN IF CHANCE OF WIN ALMOST NOTHING.CHANCE IF NOT TRY EXACTLY NOTHING. How OKR’s Completely Transformed Our Culture Related Posts What Nobody Teaches You About Getting Your Star…last_img read more

Read More