Revival of deadly annual peoplesmuggling from Somalia to Yemen sparks UN warning

Four overcrowded fishing boats carrying 363 people between them have reached Yemen in less than a week, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported today. Survivors on one of the boats stated that four other passengers died when the crew forced them overboard while far from shore.UNHCR officials voiced fear that a boat carrying about 100 people is likely to arrive every day in Yemen during the September-April sailing season, placing the lives of countless people in jeopardy. During the three previous seasons, hundreds of Africans have died in the crossing.Adel Jasmin, UNHCR’s representative in Yemen, said “though the sea is still rough, the sailing season has started. Hundreds of people, looking for refuge or for better economic conditions, are believed to be lost at sea every year when they are exploited by smuggling rings.”Passengers who reach Yemen routinely report inhumane conditions aboard the boats, with no water or food available and rough treatment, including beatings, by crew members. But the continuing insecurity, drought and economic hardship in Somalia mean many people are still willing to undertake the journey. Many Ethiopians are also making the crossing.Smugglers operate their business from the port of Bossasso in Puntland, a self-declared autonomous region in north-eastern Somalia.“The first group to arrive this season had waited for a week before the boat could take them from Bossasso to Yemen,” Mr. Jasmin said. “And they said there are large groups waiting for their turn to cross. These survivors said there are three boats fully operational for now, running people between Puntland and Yemen.”High Commissioner António Guterres urged the international community to press local authorities in Puntland to crack down on the smugglers and to provide greater financial assistance to internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the impoverished region to discourage them from wanting to leave.Earlier this year UNHCR produced a radio and video programme to raise awareness among Somalis of the risks in trying to cross the Gulf of Aden, while the agency and the International Maritime Organization have also prepared a pamphlet to guide ship owners and captains, insurance companies, governments and anyone else who could be involved in rescues at sea.In Yemen, UNHCR operates a reception centre to process the arrivals and determine if they are seeking asylum. So far this season most people have said they plan to leave Yemen to obtain jobs in Persian Gulf countries. read more

Read More

GEA redesigns its modular compact radiators

first_imgGEA has redesigned its modular compact radiators and has matched their efficiency to that of the individually configurable radiator ranges. The primary application for these Energy Modular Compact Radiators (EMCRs) is the cooling of stationary diesel power plants. The largest model offers cooling duty of more than 2.5 MW. In addition to basically re-engineered structural design – now with horizontal suction featuring single- or dual-row configuration (as required for high- or low-temperature applications) – this range profits from the modular design of the entire product group. With the aid of design software, it is now possible to assemble standard components to highly efficient systems. This standardization leads to favorable acquisition prices, low weight, and smaller dimensions. Sixty available unit lengths and two pre-determined enclosure widths enable a large number of possible enclosure sizes. These upgrades mean that the modular coolers satisfy customer expectations to the maximum feasible degree.For applications in which noise emissions or energy consumption are of prime importance, special software enables configuration of especially quiet or energy-saving models. A choice of fans is available to achieve low noise emissions. It is likewise possible to configure radiators with large fan diameters and elliptical air-intake. Means of achieving quiet operation include slowly revolving fan drives with variable frequency drive (VFD). More efficient rotor profiles for the fans represent an additional energy-saving option. Large fans also enable greater efficiency: the selection for EMCR models ranges from diameters of 1.2 to approx. 1.9 m. The large enclosures available as a result offer the benefit that fewer tube rows are required for the heat exchangers, which in turn means smaller external pressure drops. For the heat exchangers, high-efficiency finned tubes with PoluAl coating are also available. This coating offers effective protection in industrial environments and against salt-laden air.last_img read more

Read More