Panel commemorates fall of Berlin Wall

first_imgIn celebration of the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies and the Nanovic Institute for European Studies sponsored a faculty panel Tuesday in the Hesburgh Center for International Studies to discuss the significance of the events in 1989 in Eastern Europe and their importance to international affairs today.The panel featured A. James McAdams, professor of international affairs and Director of the Nanovic Institute for European Studies; David Cortright, associate director of programs and policy studies of the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies; Sebastian Rosato, associate professor of political science and director of the Notre Dame International Security Program and Alicja Kusiak-Brownstein, adjunct professor of history.McAdams began the panel, chronicling the history of the fall of the Wall and the suddenness with which it occurred.“We can say that it [the wall] fell but in a way, what it did was open,” he said. “The border that had meant certain death if you tried to run across it in the past, that had meant certain imprisonment if you tried to smuggle your way through it in the past … that border ceased to exist.”The fall of the Wall was met with joy but also confusion, McAdams said.“What is so important to understand at this time is the way in which everyone was surprised, everyone was shocked,” he said. “No one had any idea what this meant.”The political implications of the fall of the Wall also opened up a lot of questions as to what the next step was, McAdams said.“The big question was what happens when the division between East and West, that was defined by the Berlin Wall, more than any other entity, what happens when that division is gone?” he said. “What happens when you suddenly have to deal with a reunified Germany?”The fall of the Wall, Cortright said, cannot be traced to one single individual, institution or state.“Whenever there’s a great success, it is said, success has many parents, while failure is orphaned,” Cortright said. “In this case, there are many claims to success. Margaret Thatcher says it was Ronald Reagan who won the Cold War; Reagan says it was Thatcher who won the Cold War.“Even some East German communists thought it was their idea. Pope John Paul II played a big role, and Gorbachev definitely.”However, the most important force in this kind of success is civil society, Cortright said.“It’s inconceivable to think of the fall of the Wall or the dramatic transformations that took place in the late ’80s without understanding the role of civil society and the tremendous push that was created by the people in the street, protesting against the Communist regime,” he said.Cortright said disarmament played a large role in ending the Cold War but not in the way that many would think. Rather, disarmament talks led to a more benign relationship between the Soviet Union and the United States.“It was the transformation of the politic climate and the opening of the new political leadership in the Soviet Union, represented by Gorbachev, that really led to the end,” he said. “… It was not about the weapons, but the development of a political understanding between the United States and the Soviet Union.”Kusiak-Brownstein, who hails from Poland, shared personal accounts from both herself and her friends on the fall of the Wall.“One friend said she was preparing for her finals in high school when her mother came in her room and said, ‘You’ll never believe it. The Berlin Wall has fallen.’ My friend answered, ‘It’s about time, isn’t it?’” she said.Many of the people in Poland reacted in this way because Poland had already gone through a political transformation in the spring of 1989, Kusiak-Brownstein said.“The fall of the Wall followed the first semi-free election in Poland, which resulted in overwhelming support for the opposition,” she said. “In spite of it, among young people, the spirit of euphoria was often mixed with anxiety.”The consequences of the fall of the Wall were felt far beyond just Eastern Europe and still continue to reverberate today, Rosato said.“The fall of the Wall led to a U.S. strategy of what can be called liberal primacy,” he said. “Primacy, because the United States was determined to remain the most powerful state in the world for as long as possible, which meant, at the time, basically preventing the return of Russia and Western Europe, especially Germany, becoming powerful.“Liberal, because the United States wanted to spread liberal values all across the globe: democracy, free markets, etc. The reason for that is because one, it would make America safe and two, it was the right thing to do.”The results of this strategy, however, have been a huge disappointment, Rosato said.“This strategy of the US has three failures,” he said. “It guaranteed that the [European Union] would be a geopolitical nonentity; it threatened Russia by encircling it and seeking to destabilize it.“Third, we not only threatened Russia, but antagonized Russia by extending NATO all the way up to its border and making it pretty clear that Russia is next.”This strategy and its failures, stemming from the fall of the Wall, play a huge part in international politics today, demonstrating the far-reaching consequences and importance of the fall of the Wall, Rosato said.Tags: Berlin, Berlin Wall, Cold War, Eastern Europe, germany, Nanovic Institute, Russialast_img read more

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Rep. Frye: New health benefit for Indiana Farm Bureau members

first_imgThis is a press release from State Rep. Randy Frye: With agriculture contributing an estimated $31.2 billion to Indiana’s economy each year, it’s important steps are taken to keep Hoosier farmers working in the industry. Since the majority of local farmers are sole proprietors and operators, an obstacle they face is accessing affordable health care options. Through a new law I supported, non-profit agriculture agencies like the Indiana Farm Bureau will be able to provide health plans to its members, helping many local farmers qualify for affordable health benefits.According to a study by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, a lack of access to affordable health insurance is one of the biggest concerns facing Hoosier and American farmers. This issue is causing some farmers to shut down operations because the high costs of health plans impact their bottom line or they seek other jobs that offer insurance. The study found 73% of farmers said reducing health care prices was an important factor in determining their business risk. It also found 52% of farmers surveyed were not confident they could pay for a major medical crisis, such as a heart attack, cancer or the loss of a limb without going into debt.The new law allowing the Indiana Farm Bureau to provide a new health plan to its members could lessen this burden impacting the agricultural industry. Farm Bureau members can be farmers, Hoosiers who work in the ag industry, small-business owners and others who are supportive of Indiana’s rich agricultural heritage.This option will cover essential health benefits, such as office visits, preventative services and maternity and newborn care. Members who do not have access to group insurance plans, have fewer than two employees or do not qualify for Affordable Care Act subsidies could benefit.With the governor recently signing this bill into law, Farm Bureau members could have access to health benefits by the end of the year. More information about the Indiana Farm Bureau and this new health care option can be found online at infarmbureau.com.last_img read more

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FIFA Statistics: Miralem Pjanić among 25 best Players on Mundial

first_img(source: Radiosarajevo.ba) After the last round of the group stage of the World Cup in Brazil, the FIFA has published statistics on its official  website.The top rated player is Colombian James Rodriguez with a grade of 9.79. The second best player is, , Ivan Perišić with a grade of 9.74.Our best evaluated Dragon is our Little Prince, Miralem Pjanić who has a high score of 9.17 and occupies the 24th place on the list of the best players.As a reminder, Pjanić scored one goal and had one assist during Mundijal, but apart from that he was the brain and the engine of our team.Pjanić played a maximum of 270 minutes in three games, and for that time he had the percentage of 83,7 % of successful passes.Very close to Pjanic was Edin Dzeko, who has received a rating of 9.14 and occupied the 26th  position.last_img read more

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Yahoo Fantasy Football Picks Week 12: NFL DFS lineup advice for cash games

first_imgMORE WEEK 12 DFS: Values | Stacks | Lineup BuilderFLEX: Le’Veon Bell, Jets vs. Raiders ($20). Bell has been a disappointment, but he keeps getting volume despite various injuries (at least 20 touches in each of the past three games). He’s also scored in each of the past two games and averaged at least 93.7 total yards over that three-game span. The Raiders have gradually been going downhill against RBs, punctuated by allowing Joe Mixon’s first rushing touchdown all season last week. Bell is a solid, high-floor play at $20.D/ST: Redskins vs. Lions ($10). We don’t feel great about this pick, but facing Jeff Driskel at home at the minimum price isn’t a bad spot for a D/ST. We’ll roll the dice and hope for some takeaways. WEEK 12 NON-PPR RANKINGS:Quarterback | Running back | Wide receiver | Tight end | D/ST | KickerThe real question is whether to pay up for one of the few upper-tier TEs. In a GPP, we’d roll the dice on a lower-priced guy, but in cash, we’re going with Darren Waller despite a tougher matchup. Let’s hope that “advantage” gets us over the cash line.Week 12 Yahoo NFL DFS Lineup: Picks, Advice for cash gamesQB: Matt Ryan, Falcons vs. Buccaneers ($33). Ryan got back on track last week with his seventh 300-yard game of the year, but with only one touchdown, it wound up being another mediocre performance. He hasn’t had a “big game” since Week 6, so hopefully DFS owners are a little down on him. At home against Tampa, who allows the second-most fantasy points per game (FPPG) to QBs, Ryan should combine the yards and TDs and more than pay off his QB4 pricing.WEEK 12 DFS LINEUPS: FD cash | FD GPP | DK cash | DK GPP | Y! cash | Y! GPPRB: Nick Chubb, Browns vs. Dolphins ($31). We said we’d never make a cash lineup without Christian McCaffrey again, but his $40 price tag mixed with the lack of viable options at other positions (particularly TE, more on that later), make him tough to fit in. We’re fine dropping down to Chubb, though, as Miami still ranks in the top six in FPPG allowed to RBs. The activation of Kareem Hunt hasn’t really eaten into Chubb’s touches, as he’s had at least 47 carries in the past games (and at least 20 in seven of the past eight games). He won’t do much through the air, which hurts a bit in half-point PPR contests, but he’s a safe bet for 100 yards and some positive touchdown regression.WEEK 12 PPR RANKINGS: Running back | Wide receiver | Tight endRB: David Montgomery, Bears vs. Giants ($18). Montgomery has disappointed two weeks in a row, but he’s still getting consistent touches (15 last game). The Giants give up just a shade under 20 FPPG to running backs — and it’s clear the Bears need to rely on their running game — so Montgomery looks like a value at RB16 pricing.WR: Chris Godwin, Buccaneers @ Falcons ($32). Godwin managed a late touchdown last week, but he tied a season low with three catches. That will rise in a big way against the Falcons, who allow the eighth-most FPPG to WRs. Godwin has only one TD in his past five games after scoring six in his first five contests, so we expect more TDs to come. We were a couple bucks away from being able to afford Julio Jones ($35), who we would have preferred, but Godwin is a nice consolation prize. At the very least, we like him better at his price than teammate Mike Evans at $35. WR: DeVante Parker, Dolphins @ Browns ($16). Parker keeps producing as Miami’s top wideout, yet he keeps getting priced like a middling real-life WR2. That’s fine. We’ll take the discount on a guy who pretty much has a floor of five catches and 55 yards every week with the upside from much more. Last week he put up a 7-135 line in a tough matchup against the Bills, so we’re not worried about him against a decent Browns pass defense…at least not at $16.WR: Jamison Crowder, Jets vs. Raiders ($18). Crowder is also underpriced given his matchup and recent production. He’s scored in three straight games, posting at least five catches and 76 yards in each game during that span. We are a little worried about touchdown regression, but the Raiders are allowing the seventh-most FPPG to WRs, so we’re not that worried.MORE WEEK 12:Waiver pickups | FAAB planner | Stock watch | Snap counts | Fantasy playoff SOSTE: Darren Waller, Raiders @ Jets ($21). Tight end pricing is really tight, as Travis Kelce and Hunter Henry are on bye and Mark Andrews and Gerald Everett play on Monday night. Throw in injuries to Austin Hooper (knee), Evan Engram (foot) and George Kittle (knee), and there isn’t much left in the upper tier. Kittle might play, but at $26, his price is even tougher to stomach than Waller, who’s really the only other “high-floor” TE available (unless you count Zach Ertz at $22). We like Jacob Hollister, but he’s just $3 cheaper than Waller, so that doesn’t seem worth it. If we paid down, we’d go with Ryan Griffin at $14 given his recent performance and plus matchup. We had touchdowns and big yards all over the place in last week’s Yahoo DFS cash lineup — except for one big (almost) goose egg from Tyler Boyd. Lesson learned — never trust a receiver who has Ryan Finley throwing to him. Fortunately, Drew Brees, Christian McCaffrey, Ezekiel Elliott, DJ Chark, Jamison Crowder, Ross Dwelley, Kalen Ballage, and the Jets D/ST all came through in one way or another. We’ll try to keep the touchdowns rolling with our Week 12 daily fantasy football cash lineup picks.With tight pricing — particularly at TE — we have to make some sacrifices. That mainly comes at RB, where we’re not paying up for Christian McCaffrey or Saquon Barkley. We also just missed being able to afford Julio Jones, but getting solid values at WR2 and WR3 makes us feel a little better. last_img read more

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